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Possible Causes for Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

Heavy menstrual bleeding, or menorrhagia, is more than an inconvenience. It can be significantly disruptive to a woman’s life and may indicate a serious medical condition. As a Southern Hills Hospital & Medical Center OBGYN explains in this video, there are several different potential causes of heavy bleeding, and the specific cause dictates the necessary treatment. In honor of September’s Gynecological Cancer Month, get the facts about heavy menstrual bleeding and some of the potential triggers. It could save the life of you or someone you love.

Fibroids and Polyps

Uterine fibroids and polyps are benign growths that typically occur in women during their childbearing years. They affect the lining of the uterus and frequently cause heavy and prolonged menstruation. Doctors are unsure why they occur, but they seem to be linked to estrogen levels and could be caused by hormonal imbalances. Polyps that appear on the cervix can also cause heavy bleeding. Uterine and cervical polyps can be surgically removed. Treating fibroids is more complex. Surgical treatments, hormone therapy, and even hysterectomies can be used to resolve uterine fibroids.

Hormone Fluctuations

Hormonal changes during adolescence and menopause are frequently tied to heavy menstrual bleeding. Some women also experience heavy menstruation after giving birth as their hormones adjust after pregnancy. This kind of heavy menstruation can often be treated with birth control pills or other kinds of hormone therapy.


Uterine, cervical, and ovarian cancers can all cause heavy menstrual bleeding. Although cancer is not the most common cause of heavy bleeding, it is one of the reasons it is so critical to get your symptoms evaluated by a doctor. Early diagnosis often allows treatment to begin before the cancer spreads, which leads to better outcomes.

At Southern Hills Hospital & Medical Center, we’re pleased to offer comprehensive women’s health services, including maternity care, gynecological surgeries and breast care. Request a referral to a specialist or find out more about our hospital services, from emergency care to stroke care in Las Vegas, by calling (702) 880-2700.