A stroke, also called a cerebrovascular accident or brain attack, occurs when blood flow to a part of the brain is interrupted. When blood flow is interrupted for any period of time, oxygen and nutrients are not able to nourish the brain tissue, causing brain cells to die. It is the death of these cells that can lead to death or permanent disability as the result of a stroke. Because no two strokes are exactly the same, the area of the brain and the bodily functions affected by the attack can differ with each stroke. There are, however, some common effects that can occur as a result of this condition.
- Physical challenges
After surviving a stroke, many patients can suffer from problems with movement or muscle contraction. Spasticity, or problems with muscle tightness, and difficulty swallowing are two common stroke-related disabilities. Patients can also suffer from problems with vision, balance, and muscle pain.
- Communication difficulties
When the stroke affects the left hemisphere of the brain, a patient can have difficulties with the expression and understanding of language. Aphasia, apraxia, and auditory overload are three of the most common communication problems associated with stroke.
- Emotional & behavioral changes
Behavioral health issues can also be the result of a stroke. Many stroke survivors suffer from depression, dementia, and emotional expressive disorders as a result of a stroke.
Stroke is the number one cause of long-term adult disability in the United States. Do not become a part of this number—learn to recognize the symptoms of stroke and have an excellent treatment center in mind in case of medical emergency. The Primary Stroke Center at Southern Hills Hospital & Medical Center is certified by the Joint Commission as a center of excellence in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of stroke in our community. Call Southern Hills at (702) 880-2100 to learn more.