Did you know that ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among women diagnosed with any type of female reproductive cancer? Although the cancer begins in the ovaries, it can spread throughout the pelvis and abdomen. The next time you visit your doctor at your local hospital , consider discussing your risk factors for cancer. You can also undergo screening tests at the hospital, which are intended to diagnose cancer in its early stages.
Types of Tumors
Oncologists categorize cancer according to the type of cell from which it originated. The ovaries have three primary types of cells. Epithelial tumors arise from the epithelial cells and are the most common type of ovarian cancer. Often, these tumors are benign, or non-cancerous. When they are malignant, or cancerous, these types of tumors tend to grow slowly and pose only a slight risk of fatality. Germ cell tumors originate from the cells that produce the eggs within the ovaries. Like epithelial tumors, germ cell tumors are often benign. When they are cancerous, treatment is often effective. Stromal tumors form from the stromal cells, which produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone. According to the American Cancer Society , over 75 percent of patients with stromal tumors can expect to survive the cancer.
Challenges of Early Detection
The prognosis for ovarian cancer is much more favorable when the tumor is detected in its early stages, or before it has spread to nearby structures. Unfortunately, it can be difficult to detect ovarian cancer in its early stages. Women may avoid going to the hospital because they either experience no symptoms or their symptoms are mild. When symptoms do arise, they typically include abnormal bleeding from the vagina, lower abdominal pain, abnormal periods, and a heavy sensation in the area. Women may also report changes in weight, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and flatulence.
Southern Hills Hospital provides numerous preventive screenings for patients throughout the greater Las Vegas area. At our hospital, you’ll also find high-quality stroke care, urgent care, geriatric psychological services, and orthopedic surgery. If you have any questions about our hospital or wish to request a referral to a physician, call our Consult-A-Nurse referral line at (702) 880-2100.