Thyroid surgery can be performed for a number of reasons, including as part of a treatment plan for thyroid cancer and to treat hyperthyroidism. Usually, this surgery is a minimally invasive procedure and may involve either removing a section of the thyroid or the entire thyroid gland. Here is a closer look at some of the reasons your doctor may refer you for thyroid surgery.
You have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer.
If you have a biopsy of a nodule on your thyroid that has come back as cancerous, your physician may recommend that you have thyroid surgery to remove the cancer. Depending on the size of the cancer, you may need just the affected part of your thyroid removed or your surgeon may opt to remove the entire gland. This kind of thyroid surgery is usually performed as part of a larger cancer treatment plan.
You may also need thyroid surgery if the results of your biopsy were inconclusive or if your doctor discovers molecular markers that suggest that a thyroid nodule has a risk of becoming cancerous.
You have a large nodule or goiter.
Sometimes, thyroid surgery may be necessary if there is no evidence of cancer. If you have a large nodule or goiter, your physician may recommend that it be removed.
Benign thyroid nodules and goiters are removed if they are compressing your trachea and making it difficult to breathe, if they are interfering with your ability to swallow, or if they are a cosmetic concern.
You have Graves’ disease.
Graves’ disease is an autoimmune condition that causes hyperthyroidism. Patients with hyperthyroidism experience an overproduction of thyroid hormone that leads to racing heartbeats, weight loss, sleep disruption, and bulging eyes, among other symptoms.
In some cases, Graves’ disease can be controlled with medications, but when it is not, surgery is performed to remove the thyroid gland.
Southern Hills Hospital and Medical Center is pleased to offer a number of minimally invasive surgical options to help patients have safer procedures with shorter recovery times. If you’re concerned about your thyroid health or need minimally invasive surgery in Las Vegas, call us at (702) 916-5023 for a referral.